Izinto eziyi-10 odinga ukuzazi ngeTour de France

March 29, 2021

i-tour de france

Amandla, i-adrenaline nokuhamba ngebhayisikili okumsulwa. Izinto ezintathu ezichaza ngokungangabazeki iTour de France (I-Le Tour de France), umjaho odume kakhulu wamabhayisikili obanjwa minyaka yonke phakathi kukaJuni noJulayi kuyo yonke indawo yaseFrance, futhi ongowekhalenda le-UCI WorldTour emkhakheni ophakeme kakhulu wezinhlanga zobungcweti ezingeni lomhlaba jikelele. 

Kunzima ukuthola umuntu ongakaze ezwe ngalo mcimbi odumile wezemidlalo empilweni yakhe, noma umgibeli webhayisikili onzima ongakaze aphuphe ngokuwina iFrench Tour okungenani kanye. Akungabazeki ukuthi umgomo wonyaka ngobukhulu nephupho labo bonke abagibeli bamabhayisikili!

Uma ungumthandi wezemidlalo njengathi, impela kungumncintiswano ukuthi ubulokhu ulandela ithrekhi iminyaka eminingi, noma mhlawumbe, ungumlandeli onokuthi ube noposta othile odumile ekhaya, ukuthi ngezikhathi ezithile isikhathi lapho uzithulula khona ukukhumbula umzuzu obabazekayo wokuqhekeka kwamabhayisikili nezinganekwane ezifana noJacques Anquetil, u-Eddy Merckx, uBernard Hinault noma uMiguel Induráin, bathola ukunqoba okukhazimulayo, bephula amarekhodi futhi bamangaza izigidi zababukeli ababuka futhi bathumele ithelevishini umncintiswano unyaka nonyaka.

Kepha manje siyazibuza ... Ucabanga ukuthi wazi konke ngokuphelele ngeTour de France? Funda futhi uthole izinto eziyi-10 odinga ukuzazi ngalo mncintiswano omangalisayo, kusuka kokuyisisekelo nokubalulekile, kwimininingwane yomlando ethakazelisa kakhulu yeTour.

I-Tour de France

1. UMDLALO WEMIDLALO ODUME KAKHULU WONKE

Yini iTour de France?

C´est le Tour, umjaho onodumo kakhulu, umjaho wokujaha. Yazalwa njengephupho elikhulu lomgibeli wamabhayisikili owayengayeki aze anikeze abanye abagibeli bamabhayisikili ithuba lokuvakashela iFrance ngebhayisikili, futhi iya emlandweni njengethuba eliphezulu lokunika udumo kochwepheshe kokunye okuhle kakhulu, okufuna kakhulu futhi ezemidlalo ezikhululekileyo.

I-Le Tour de France, noma nje i- "Tour", uhambo lochwepheshe bamabhayisikili emgwaqeni obelwenziwa ngezigaba eFrance minyaka yonke kusukela ngo-1903. Lwaziwa njengelokudala kunawo wonke ama- "Grand Tours" amathathu okuhamba ngebhayisikili, kanye neGiro de Italy kanye neTour waseSpain. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wanikezwa i-Prince of Asturias Award for Sports ngo-2003. 

ITour de France njengamanje ithathwa njengomjaho odume kakhulu futhi obalulekile emhlabeni, hhayi esigabeni sokuhamba ngebhayisikili kuphela. Eqinisweni, selokhu wasungulwa ekuqaleni kwekhulu leminyaka elidlule, umjaho uphazanyiswe kabili kuphela nezimo ezingavamile ngemuva kwezimpi ezinkulu. Kuyamangalisa, akunjalo?

2. ETURUR DE FRANCE 1903: “Oshampeni. Umjaho. Abalandeli "

ITour de France akuyona imincintiswano ehlonishwa kakhulu emhlabeni, futhi ingenye yemigijimo emide kunayo yonke! Ubuwazi ukuthi uhlelo lokuqala lwakhiwa ngo-1903 ukukhulisa ukusakazwa kwephephandaba laseFrance iL 'Auto-Velo? Kungenzeka kanjani lokhu?

Yayiyini uhlelo lokuqala lweTour de France?

Ngo-1903 kwaqala uhlelo lokuqala lweTour de France, olunemizila eyisithupha kuphela nengqikithi yamakhilomitha angama-2428. ITour de France yokuqala, eyenzeka kusukela ngoJulayi 1 kuya ku-19 walowo nyaka, yaxhaswa yiphephandaba laseFrance IL'Auto-Vélo (manje eyiL'Équipe) nomzila wayo waklanywa nguHenri Desgrange, umqondisi nomhleli oyinhloko waleli phephandaba. Eqinisweni ... Lo mncintiswano omkhulu wenziwa ngenhloso yokwandisa ukusakazwa kwephephandaba i-L'Auto! Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngisho sekusele isikhathi eside ngaphambi kokuba umncintiswano uqale, uDesgrange wayesevele engumuntu owaziwayo emphakathini waseFrance ekuqaleni kwekhulu leminyaka, futhi imisebenzi yakhe yamabhayisikili yayihlanganisa namarekhodi esikhathi eBuffalo velodrome eParis. UDesgrange, empeleni, wayesayine irekhodi lamakhilomitha angama-35,325 ngemizuzu engama-60 kwi-ellipse yaseParis, ngoMeyi 11, 1893; owokuqala emlandweni. Ngaphandle kokuthi uDesgrange wafundela ezomthetho, lokho akuwususanga umqondo wokwakha umjaho wamabhayisikili kulo lonke elaseFrance! Ekugcineni wenza iqiniso kanye nomhleli wakhe wamabhayisikili uGeo Lefèvre e-L'Auto ukusiza futhi ukwenza ngcono ukusakazwa kwephephandaba, nokukhuphula ukuthengisa endleleni, kubulala izinyoni ezimbili ngetshe elilodwa.

Elinye iqiniso elinqumayo ukuthi, ngaleso sikhathi, abagibeli bamabhayisikili ababebambe iqhaza eTour de France babengaphoqelekile ukuncintisana ezigabeni eziyisithupha zomzila, futhi babephumula phakathi kwezinsuku ezimbili nezintathu phakathi komunye nomunye. Nabo bebengahlukanisiwe baba ngamaqembu! Phambilini bekungumncintiswano womuntu ngamunye, futhi bekufanele bakhokhe ama-franc ayi-2 aseFrance ukuze bakwazi ukuncintisana ngokuhlukaniswa okujwayelekile, noma bangakhokha kuphela ama-franc ama-3 aseFrance ukungena esigabeni esisodwa.

Lokhu kuqala Tour de France Iqale eMontgeron, eduze kakhulu neParis, lapho kwaqala khona abagibeli bamabhayisikili abangama-60 (abangu-49 kubo kwakunguFrance, abane baseBelgium, abane baseSwitzerland, ababili baseJalimane noyedwa wase-Italy) ababehlanganisa isigaba sokuqala sama-467 km eLyon. Umnqobi wokugcina kwaba umgibeli wamabhayisikili odumile uMaurice Garin.

Uma ngabe ubuzibuza: ngemuva komncintiswano ... Ukusakazwa kwephephandaba kukhuphuke ngamahlandla ayisithupha! Ngakho-ke, abanikazi be-L'Auto-Vélo bakubona kufanelekile ukuphindaphinda unyaka olandelayo, nangonyaka olandelayo nangolandelayo… Icebo lokumaketha!

i-tour de france 1903

3. MAURICE GARIN: UMNQOBI WESIQEPHU SOKUQALA SOKUVAKASHA KWEFRANCE

Intandokazi yokuwina lo mncintiswano, empeleni, bekunguMaurice Garin, obengumnqobi wohlelo lwayo lokuqala. UMaurice Garin wazalelwa e-Arvier, e-Italy, ngo-Mashi 3, 1871, futhi washona eLens, ngoFebhuwari 19, 1957. Wayengumgibeli wamabhayisikili waseFrance, ngokungangabazeki, owangena emlandweni wezemidlalo njengomnqobi wokuqala weTour de France ngalo Julayi 1903. Kulolo hlelo, uMaurice Garin oneminyaka engama-32 wawina isigaba sokuqala futhi wakwazi ukugcina indawo yokuqala kuwo wonke umncintiswano. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wanqoba ezigabeni ezimbili zokugcina, waqeda cishe amahora amathathu ngaphambi komgibeli olandelayo. Akukubi, huh?

Naphezu kokuzalwa kwakhe e-Italy, uMaurice Garin waba yisakhamuzi saseFrance ngo-1901. KwakuseFrance lapho aphila khona impilo yakhe yonke ngemuva kokufuduka nomndeni wakhe. Amagama akhe okuziqamba kwakuthi "petit ramoneur", "le petit matelot" kanye "le bouledogue blanc" ngenxa yobude bakhe obufushane nesisindo (1,62 m no-60 Kg) selokhu wasebenza njengo "mthoko"(kushimula ushimula, ngesiFulentshi) emadolobheni ahlukene aseFrance, umsebenzi ophansi ngaleso sikhathi. USkinny nakho konke, uGarín unqobile emncintiswaneni ongaba odume kakhulu wamabhayisikili kuwo wonke umlando! 

Kepha, kwesinye isikhathi okwenzekayo, uMaurice wahoxiswa yiTour de France kuhlelo lwayo olulandelayo (1904) ngokushayela izingxenye eziningana zomzila, yingakho amiswa iminyaka emibili ilandelana. Ubuyele ukuzoqhudelana ngemuva kwalokho waze washiya ngokusemthethweni ukuhamba ngebhayisikili ngemuva kokunqoba amaphuzu amaningi. Eqinisweni, wamenyezelwa njengomunye wabagibeli bamabhayisikili abavelele emlandweni kwathi ngo-2002 wakhethwa ukuba yingxenye yalabo Iseshini Yokuvula YeHholo Lodumo Lokuhamba Ngebhayisikili we-ICU.

i-tour de france maurice garin

4. UHAMBO OLUYA EFRANSI: INDLELA EQHUBEKAYO EQHUBEKA NGEZIGABA EZIPHAKATHI NEZIPHAKAMILE

Ziyini izigaba zeTour de France?

ITour de France ngumjaho ophikiswa ngezigaba ezahlukahlukene kulo lonke izwe laseFrance, kucatshangelwa izikhathi zokuqina okukhulu nokuncane, kufaka phakathi imizila eyisicaba, maphakathi nentaba, intaba kanye nezigaba zesivivinyo sesikhathi ngasinye.

Kuyo yonke le minyaka, izigaba zikhuphukile ngobuningi futhi nangamandla. Ngakho-ke, uhlelo ngalunye olusha luphetha ukwehluka futhi, ngombono, lube nzima kakhulu futhi. Eqinisweni, abashayeli bamabhayisikili abayi-4 bashonile bezama ukuqedela iTour: Adolphe Heliére (1910), Francesco Cepeda (1935), Tom Simpson (19677) noFabio Casartelli (1995). Ngaphandle kokungabaza, kuyinto enhle nenhlonipho enkulu kulabo esincintisana nabo ukukhombisa amakhono abo ezigabeni ezahlukahlukene, kanye nokuhambisa ukuze kuphumelele lo mncintiswano omkhulu. Uma sibheka emuva esikhathini, ophumelele kunabo bonke iTour de France emlandweni wayo kube nguHenri Comet ngo-1904, owayeneminyaka engu-19 ngaleso sikhathi. Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi ngawo lowo nyaka umgibeli wamabhayisikili omdala kunabo bonke emlandweni weTour de France naye wancintisana: UHenri Paret, eneminyaka engama-50 ubudala.

    ijezi lase-france eliphuzi

    5. GQOKA IJERI ELIPHULEYO, ISIHLONIPHO!

    Lithini ijezi kuTour de France?

    Igama "ijezi" ngokwezwi nezwi lihumusha "ijezi" ngesiFulentshi. Kuze kube namuhla, iTour de France Jersey yigama elisetshenziselwa ukuhlukanisa abaholi abahlukene bezigaba ezahlukahlukene emncintiswaneni, omelwe (ngokunembile) ngamajezi emibala ehlukene. Ngaphandle kokuthi kunemiklamo eminingana yamaMaillot enezincazelo ezihlukile, ophuzi usungomunye wezinto ezihlonishwa kakhulu, ngoba kukhomba umholi owinile kuze kube yileso sikhathi obenesikhathi esiphansi kunazo zonke ezigabeni, noma engeze futhi wasusa noma yimaphi amabhonasi noma izinhlawulo zesikhathi. 

    Ijezi leTour de France: imibala nezincazelo.

    • Ijezi eliphuzi: ikhomba umholi wokuhlukaniswa okujwayelekile komcimbi. Yadalwa ngonyaka we-1919 kanti umbala wayo wawuyisipho sephephandaba i-L'Auto, elalisebenzisa amaqabunga aphuzi.
    • Ijezi eliluhlaza: Ikhomba umholi wezigaba zamaphoyinti wokuhlola. Yadalwa ngo-1954 ngeminyaka engamashumi ayisihlanu yomcimbi. Umbala wayo bewukuhlonipha iphephandaba iLe Vélo ebelisebenzisa amaqabunga aluhlaza.
    • I-polka dot leotard ebomvu: Khomba umgibeli ongcono kakhulu emcimbini.
    • Ijezi elimhlophe: Inikezwa insizwa ebalwe phezulu eTour de France. Kunqunywa ngokubheka ukuhlukaniswa kwejezi eliphuzi, nokulahla abagibeli bamabhayisikili abazalwa ngemuva kwesikhathi esinqunyiwe. Ukukhetha ijezi elimhlophe, umhlanganyeli kumele abe ngaphansi kweminyaka engama-26 ngoJanuwari 1 wonyaka weTour okukhulunywa ngayo, noma abe neminyaka engama-26 kulowo nyaka.
    • Ijezi elibomvu: Yanikezwa owinile wegquma noma isigaba esiphakathi. Yaqala ukusetshenziswa ngo-1984 kepha, ngemuva kokubhekwa njengokuphindaphinda, yakhanselwa ngo-1989. 

    6. LEZI IZINDAWO ZENTABA YENGANEKWANE OHAMBENI LWE-FRANCE!

    Siphinde sikushiyele uhlu olukhulu lwamaphasishi asezintabeni aseTour de France kunawo wonke, amanye ngenxa yomlando wawo, amanye ngoba anzima kakhulu, kanti amanye ngoba afihla izimfihlakalo ezithokozisayo. Uyazazi ezinye zazo? Lapha sikushiya uhlu lwethu! 

    I-Alpe d'Huez: i-ski resort eyasungulwa ngo-1930. KwiTour de France yaziwa njengentaba yamaDashi.

    • Indawo: Isere, enyakatho ye-Alps, eFrance.
    • Ukuphakama: 1850 m.
    • Ubude: 13. 1 km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 8.19%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 12%.

    I-La Croix de Fer: elinye lamachweba anzima kakhulu futhi ayinganekwane eTour de France.

    • Indawo: Alps, Savoy.
    • Ubude: 29.5 km.
    • Ukuphakama: 2067 m.
    • Ukuphakama: 1617 m
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 5,07%
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 12%

    IMont Ventoux: I-Port ene-anthological and dramatic climb. Inganekwane ithi iSwitzerland Ferdi Kubler yahlanya lapho ekukhuphukeni kwayo ngo-1955. Ngaphezu kwalokho, umholi weTour uTom Simpson washonela eVentoux ngo-1967.

    • Indawo: Vaucluse / Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, eFrance.
    • Ukuphakama: 1.912 amamitha.
    • Ubude: 21.2 km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 7.15%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 12%.

    I-Peyresourde: Ukudlula kwentaba yaseFrance enkabeni yePyrenees, phakathi kwe-Arreau neBagnères-de-Luchon. Waqala ukukhushulwa ngo-1910 Tour de France.

    • Indawo: Arreau naseBagnères-de-Luchon.
    • Ukuphakama: 1.569 m.
    • Ubude: 13.2km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 7%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 12%.

    i-tour de france

    ITourmalet: ngokomlando iyaziwa ngokuqina kwayo. ETour de France yakhwela okokuqala ngo-1910.

    • Indawo: Hautes-Pyrenees, Central Pyrenees, France.
    • Ukuphakama: 2.215 amamitha.
    • Ubude: 18.8 km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 7.4%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 13%.

    I-Aubisque: itheku elisePyrenees, ikakhulukazi endaweni yase-Atlantic, engaphansi kwesifunda sase-Aquitaine, esiseningizimu-ntshonalanga yeFrance.

    • Indawo: Kusuka eLaruns, / Hautes Pyrenees, eFrance.
    • Ukuphakama: 1.709 amamitha.
    • Ubude: 16.5 km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 7.2%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 13%.

    I-Izoard: yobunzima obuphakeme, ngamajika amahhashi amaningana esigabeni esiphakathi. Ikhokha intela kuFausto Coppi noLouison Bobet nge-monolith ngaphezulu.

    • Indawo: Kusuka eGuillestres, / Hautes Alpes, eFrance.
    • Ukuphakama: 2360 amamitha.
    • Ubude: 15.9 km
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 6.9%
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 14.5%.

    IGalibier: ukudlula kwentaba okusendaweni eseningizimu yeFrance. Ixhuma iSaint-Michel-de-Maurienne neBriançon ngeTélégraphe naseLautaret.

    • Indawo: Ethekwini leTelegraphe.
    • Ukuphakama: 2.642 m.
    • Ubude: 35.25km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 5.48%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 15%.

    ICol de la Madeleineindawo yokudlula ezintabeni eseFrance Alps, emnyangweni weSavoy; imvamisa kuvalwa kusukela ngoNovemba kuya ekuqaleni kukaJuni.

    • Indawo: Kusuka e-Aigueblanche, eMnyangweni weSavoy.
    • Ukuphakama: 1.993 m.
    • Ubude: 28.3km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 5.4%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 14%.

    ICol du Télégraphe: ukudlula kwentaba okuseFrance Hautes-Alpes, phakathi kweMassif d'Arvan Villards neMassif des Cerces.

    • Indawo: Kusuka eSt. Michelle de Maurienne.
    • Ukuphakama: 1.566 m.
    • Ubude: 12.2km.
    • Umthambeka wesilinganiso: 8%.
    • Umthambeko omkhulu: 15%.

    uwine i-tour de france

    6. KUNJANI UKUZE UNQOBE UHAMBO LWEFRANSI

    Yize kungewona umdlalo okhokhelwa kakhulu emhlabeni, kuyiqiniso ukuthi ukuhamba ngebhayisikili kuhamba nemali eningi, ikakhulukazi uma kukhulunywa ngomncintiswano obaluleke njengeTour de France. Kulokhu, imiklomelo inikezwa abagibeli bamabhayisikili ngezigaba ezihlukene. Kunemiklomelo yesigaba ngasinye nokuhlukaniswa okujwayelekile ekugcineni kweTour.

    Kwenzekani uma uwina iTour de France?

    Yize kuliqiniso ukuthi inhlangano yeTour de France isabalalisa izigidi zama-euro emiklomelweni minyaka yonke ngokwezigaba nezigaba ezahlukahlukene, owine iTour ubuye athole amaphuzu ayi-1800 e-Cycling Hall of Fame. Ngale ndlela, ukuwina akuwona nje umvuzo wezomnotho kuphela, kuphinde kwaba ngumcimbi wamabhayisikili onikeza amaphuzu amaningi kunabo abawinile.

    7. ABANQOBI ABAKHULU KAKHULU KWEZOHAMBO YIYI-FRENCH CYCLISTS.

    Ubuwazi ukuthi iFrance iyizwe elinqoba kakhulu kodwa elokugcina lisukela ku-1985? Inenqwaba yezinqobelo zomlando ezingama-36, kepha kuyiqiniso ngokuqhubekayo, amanye amazwe amaningi ayazi ukuthi alwa kanjani nendlela yawo yokunqoba. Uyazi ukuthi imaphi amazwe anokunqoba okukhulu kwiTour de France? Zithole lapha!

    I-Tour de France: ukulandelela amarekhodi ngamazwe.

    • I-France (i-36)
    • I-Belgium (18)
    • I-Spain (12)
    • I-Italy (10)
    • I-United Kingdom (i-6)
    • I-Luxembourg (i-5)
    • I-United States (3)
    • ENetherlands (2)
    • ISwitzerland (2)
    • I-Germany (1)
    • I-Ireland (i-1)
    • I-Denmark (1)
    • I-Australia (1)
    • I-Colombia (1)
    • ISlovenia (1)

    Yibaphi abagibeli bamabhayisikili abaphule amarekhodi eTour de France?

    Kunabagibeli bamabhayisikili abane, ngaphandle kokuwina iTour de France, abaphethe irekhodi lokunqoba emncintiswaneni ngokuwina emihlanu ngamunye:

    • UJacques Anquetil (1957, 1961, 1962, 1963 no-1964).
    • U-Eddy Merckx (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972 no-1974).
    • UBernard Hinault (1978, 1979, 1981, 1982 no-1985).
    • UMiguel Induráin (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 no-1995).

    miguel indurain ukuvakasha eFrance

    9.ISPAIN, OMUNYE WABAHOLI ABAKHULU BOKUVAKASHELA IFRANCE

    Sekukonke, kuze kube ngu-2021, iSpain izuze ukunqoba okungu-12 kweTour de France. UFederico Martín Bahamonte waba ngumnqobi wokuqala, ngo-1959. Ngemuva kwalokho, kube nabagibeli bamabhayisikili abayisithupha baseSpain abazuze ukunqoba kwiTour. Phakathi kwabo, ukuhlonishwa okufanelekile kwenziwa kuMiguel Indurain Larraya, ngokuthweswa isicoco sokuba ngumpetha amahlandla amahlanu alandelanayo. Ngokwakhe, umgibeli wamabhayisikili wokuqala waseSpain owathola ukunqoba kwesiteji eTour de France kwakunguSalvador Cardona kumagazini ka-1929. Kusukela lapho, abagibeli bamabhayisikili abangama-64 namaqembu ama-2 aseSpain bathole ingqobe yokunqoba kwesiteji okungu-129.

    Obani abake baba ngabanqobi baseSpain beTour de France kuwo wonke umlando?

    • UMiguel Induráin (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 no-1995).
    • U-Alberto Contador (2007 no-2009).
    • UFederico Martín Bahamontes (1959).
    • ULuis Ocaña (1973).
    • UPedro Delgado (1988).
    • U-arscar Pereiro (2006).
    • UCarlos Sastre (2008).

    AbaseSpain abanqobe kakhulu eTour de France: UMiguel Induráin Larraya.

    Njengoba siphawulile, iSpain ngokuphumelela kakhulu eTour de France akuyona enye into futhi ayikho ngaphansi kwalokho UMiguel Induráin Larraya. Ngokunqoba okungu-5 eTour, umgibeli webhayisikili futhi waba ngumpetha wesikhathi sokulingwa emhlabeni ngo-1995, ophethe irekhodi lamahora izinyanga ezimbili (1994), nompetha wesikhathi sama-Olympic ngesikhathi sokulingwa ngo-1996. UMiguel Induráin usephenduke inganekwane yebhayisikili! Eqinisweni, uthathwa njengomunye wabagibeli bamabhayisikili abahamba phambili emlandweni kanye no-Eddy Merckx, uBernard Hinault, uJacques Anquetil noFausto Coppi. 

    Namuhla, uMiguel Induráin ungowesishiyagalombili ohamba phambili eTour de France ngokwethimba elivela eTour uqobo. Futhi hhayi lokho kuphela! Uwine imijikelezo eminingana ezigabeni zesonto elilodwa kanye nezakudala zosuku olulodwa, egqamisa phakathi kwabo iVolta a Catalunya (1988, 1991 no-1992), iParis-Nice (1989 no 1990), iSan Sebastián Classic (1990), iChampionship de España en Ruta (1992) kanye neDauphiné Libéré (1995 no-1996). UMiguel Induráin Larraya, naye owathola iPrince of Asturias Award for Sports ngo-1992, akungabazeki ukuthi ubizwa njengomgibeli wamabhayisikili ohamba phambili waseSpain kunabo bonke futhi ongomunye wabasubathi abaphambili emlandweni wezwe. 

    Ukunqoba kukaMiguel Induráin eTour de France iminyaka:

    • 1991
    • 1992
    • 1993
    • 1994 
    • 1995

    i-tour de france miguel indurain

    10. AMAPHUZU OKUVAMELA UHAMBO LWEFRANSI

    Obani abaphumelele iTour de France kuwo wonke umlando?

    2020 

    • Umpetha: Tadej Pogacar (SVN)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: Primoz Roglic (SVN)
    • Okwesithathu: URichie Porte (AUS)

    2019

    • Umpetha: U-Egan Bernal (COL)
    • Okwesibili: Geraint Thomas (GBR)
    • Okwesithathu: USteven Kruijswijk (HOL)

    2018 

    • Umpetha: Geraint Thomas (GBR)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Tom Dumoulin (HOL)
    • Okwesithathu: UChristopher Froome (GBR)

    2017 

    • Umpetha: Chris Froome (GBR)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: URigoberto Urán (COL)
    • Okwesithathu: Romain Bardet (FRA)

    2016

    • Umpetha: Chris Froome (Ing)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Romain Bardet (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UNairo Quintana (Col)

    2015

    • Umpetha: Chris Froome (Ing)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: uNairo Quintana (Col)
    • Okwesithathu: Alejandro Valverde (Esp)

     2014

    • Umpetha: UVincenzo Nibali (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJean-Christophe Péraud (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: Thibaut Pinot (Fra)

     2013

    • Umpetha: Chris Froome (Ing)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: uNairo Quintana (Col)
    • Okwesithathu: Purito Rodríguez (Esp)

    2012

    • Umpetha: UBradley Wiggins (Ing)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Chris Froome (Eng)
    • Okwesithathu: UVincenzo Nibali (Ita)

     2011

    • Umpetha: UCadel Evans (Aus)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Andy Schleck (Lux)
    • Okwesithathu: UFrank Schleck (Lux)

    2010

    • Umpetha: Andy Schleck (Lux)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UDenis Menchov (Rus)
    • Okwesithathu: USamuel Sánchez (Esp)

    2009

    • Umpetha: Alberto Contador (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Andy Schleck (Lux)
    • Okwesithathu: uLance Arsmtrong (USA)

    2008

    • Umpetha: UCarlos Sastre (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UCadel Evans (Aus)
    • Okwesithathu: UDenis Menchov (Rus)

     2007

    • Umpetha: Alberto Contador (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UCadel Evans (Aus)
    • Okwesithathu: ULevi Leipheimer (USA)

     2006

    • Umpetha: Óscar Pereiro (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Andreas Klöden (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: UCarlos Sastre (Esp)

    2005

    • Umpetha: Kumenyezelwe ugwadule.
    • Osendaweni yesibili: U-Ivan Basso (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: uJan Ullrich (Ale)

     2004

    • Umpetha: Kumenyezelwe ugwadule.
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Andreas Klöden (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: U-Ivan Basso (Ita)

    2003

    • Umpetha: Kumenyezelwe ugwadule.
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJan Ullrich (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: u-Alexandre Vinokourov (Kaz)

    2002

    • Umpetha: Kumenyezelwe ugwadule.
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Joseba Beloki (Esp)
    • Okwesithathu: URaimondas Rumsas (Lit)

    2001

    • Umpetha: Kumenyezelwe ugwadule.
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJan Ullrich (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: Joseba Beloki (Esp) 

    2000

    • Umpetha: Kumenyezelwe ugwadule.
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJan Ullrich (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: Joseba Beloki (Esp)

    1999

    • Umpetha: Kumenyezelwe ugwadule.
    • Osendaweni yesibili: u-Alex Zülle (Sui)
    • Okwesithathu: UFernando Escartín (Esp)

    1998

    • Umpetha: UMarco Pantani (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJan Ullrich (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: UBobby Julich (e-USA) 

    1997

    • Umpetha: uJan Ullrich (Ale)
    • Okwesibili: URichard Virenque (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UMarco Pantani (Ita)

     1996

    • Umpetha: Bjarne Riis (Din)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJan Ullrich (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: URichard Virenque (Fra)

    1995

    • Umpetha: Miguel Indurain (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: u-Alex Zülle (Sui)
    • Okwesithathu: Bjarne Riis (Din)

    1994

    • Umpetha: Miguel Indurain (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: uPiotr Ugrumov (Ake)
    • Okwesithathu: UMarco Pantani (Ita)

    1993

    • Umpetha: Miguel Indurain (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Tony Rominger (Sui)
    • Okwesithathu: UZenon Jaskula (Pol)

    1992

    • Umpetha: Miguel Indurain (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UClaudio Chiappucci (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UGianni Bugno (Ita)

    1991

    • Umpetha: Miguel Indurain (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UGianni Bugno (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UClaudio Chiappucci (Ita) 

    1990

    • Umpetha: UGreg LeMond (e-USA)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UClaudio Chiappucci (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: U-Erik Breukink (Hol)

    1989

    • Umpetha: UGreg LeMond (e-USA)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: uLaurent Fignon (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: uPedro Delgado (Esp)

    1988

    • Umpetha: uPedro Delgado (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: USteven Rooks (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: UFabio Parra (Col)

    1987

    • Umpetha: uStephen Roche (Irl)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Pedro Delgado (Esp)
    • Okwesithathu: UJean-François Bernard (Fra)

    1986  

    • Umpetha: UGreg LeMond (e-USA)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UBernard Hinault (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: Urs Zimmermann (Sui)

    1985 

    • Umpetha: UBernard Hinault (Fra)
    • Okwesibili: UGreg LeMond (eU.SA)
    • Okwesithathu: uStephen Roche (Irl)

     1984 

    • Umpetha: ULaurent Fignon (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UBernard Hinault (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UGreg LeMond (eU.SA)

     1983

    • Umpetha: ULaurent Fignon (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Ángel Arroyo (Esp)
    • Okwesithathu: UPeter Winnen (Hol)

    1982

    • Umpetha: UBernard Hinault (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJoop Zoetemelk (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: UJohan Van der Velde (Hol)

     1980  

    • Umpetha: UJoop Zoetemelk (Hol)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UHennie Kuiper (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: URaymond Martin (Fra)

    i-tour de france

    1979

    • Umpetha: UBernard Hinault (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJoop Zoetemelk (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: UJoaquín Agostinho (Okwe)

    1978

    • Umpetha: UBernard Hinault (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJoop Zoetemelk (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: UJoaquín Agostinho (Okwe)

    1977

    • Umpetha: UBernard Thévenet (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UHennie Kuiper (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: uLucien Van Impe (Bel)

    1976

    • Umpetha: uLucien Van Impe (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJoop Zoetemelk (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: URaymond Poulidor (Fra)

    1975

    • Umpetha: UBernard Thévenet (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: U-Eddy Merckx (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: uLucien Van Impe (Bel)

    1974

    • Umpetha: Eddy Merckx (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: URaymond Poulidor (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UVicente López-Carril (Esp)

    1973

    • Umpetha: uLuis Ocaña (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UBernard Thévenet (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UJosé Manuel Fuente (Esp)

    1972

    • Umpetha: Eddy Merckx (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Félice Gimondi (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: URaymond Poulidor (Fra)

    1971

    • Umpetha: Eddy Merckx (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJoop Zoetemelk (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: uLucien Van Impe (Bel)

    1970

    • Umpetha: Eddy Merckx (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJoop Zoetemelk (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: Gosta Pettersson (Sue)

    1969

    • Umpetha: Eddy Merckx (Bel)
    • Omgijimayo: URoger Pingeon (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: URaymond Poulidor (Fra) 

    1968

    • Umpetha: uJan Janssen (Hol)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Herman Vanspringel (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: UFerdinand Bracke (Bel)

     1967

    • Umpetha: URoger Pingeon (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJulio Jiménez (Esp)
    • Okwesithathu: UFranco Balmanion (Ita)

    1966

    • Umpetha: uLucien Aimar (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJan Janssen (Hol)
    • Okwesithathu: URaymond Poulidor (Fra)

    1965

    • Umpetha: Félice Gimondi (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: URaymond Poulidor (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UGianni Motta (Ita)

    1964

    • Umpetha: UJacques Anquetil (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: URaymond Poulidor (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: F. Martín Bahamontes (Esp)

    1963 

    • Umpetha: UJacques Anquetil (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: F. Martín Bahamontes (Esp)
    • Okwesithathu: UJosé Pérez-Francés (Esp)

    1962

    • Umpetha: UJacques Anquetil (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Jef Planckaert (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: URaymond Poulidor (Fra)

    1961

    • Umpetha: UJacques Anquetil (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UGuido Carlesi (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UCharly Gaul (Lux)

    1960

    • Umpetha: Gastone Necini (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: IGraziano Battistini (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UJan Adriaensens (Bel)

    1959

    • Umpetha: F. Martín Bahamontes (Esp)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UHenri Anglade (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UJacques Anquetil (Fra)

     1958

    • Umpetha: uCharly Gaul (Lux)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Vito Favero (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: URaphael Geminiani (Fra)

    1957

    • Umpetha: UJacques Anquetil (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UMarc Janssens (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: Adolf Christian (Aus)

    1956

    • Umpetha: Roger Walkowiak (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UGilbert Bauvin (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UJan Adriaensens (Bel)

    1955

    • Umpetha: uLousion Bobet (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJean Brankart (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: UCharly Gaul (Lux) 

    1954

    • Umpetha: uLousion Bobet (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Ferdi Kubler (Sui)
    • Okwesithathu: UFritz Schaer (Sui)

    1953

    • Umpetha: uLousion Bobet (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJean Malléjac (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: IGiancarlo Astrua (Ita)

    1952

    • Umpetha: Fausto Coppi (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UStan Ockers (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: UBernardo Ruiz (Esp)

    1951

    • Umpetha: Hugo Koblet (Sui)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: URaphael Geminiani (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: uLucien Lazaridés (Fra)

    1950

    • Umpetha: Ferdi Kubler (Sui)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UStan Ockers (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: uLousion Bobet (Fra)

    i-tour de france

    1949

    • Umpetha: Fausto Coppi (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Gino Bartali (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UJacques Marinelli (Fra) 

    1948

    • Umpetha: UGino Bartali (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UBriek Schotte (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: UGuy Lapébie (Fra) 

    1947

    • Umpetha: UJean Robic (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Ed Fachleitner (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UPierre Brambilla (Ita)

    1939

    • Umpetha: USylvére Maes (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: URené Vietto (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: uLucien Vlaemynck (Bel)

    1938

    • Umpetha: UGino Bartali (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Felicien Vervaecke (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: UVictor Cosson (Fra)

    1937

    • Umpetha: Roger Lapébie (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UMario Vicini (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: Leo Amberg (Sui)

    1936

    • Umpetha: USylvére Maes (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: U-Antonin Magne (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UFelicien Vervaecke (Bel)

    1935

    • Umpetha: Romain Maes (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Ambrogio Morelli (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UFelicien Vervaecke (Bel)

    1934

    • Umpetha: U-Antonin Magne (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Giuseppe Martano (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: URoger Lapébie (Fra)

    1933

    • Umpetha: UGeorges Speicher (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Learco Guerra (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UGiuseppe Martano (Ita)

    1932

    • Umpetha: André Leducq (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Kurt Stoepel (Ale)
    • Okwesithathu: UFrancesco Camusse (Ita)

    1931

    • Umpetha: U-Antonin Magne (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJos Demuysere (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: U-Antonio Pesenti (Ita)

    1930

    • Umpetha: André Leducq (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Learco Guerra (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: U-Antonin Magne (Fra) 

    1929

    • Umpetha: Maurice De Waele (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Giuseppe Pancera (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: UJos Demuysere (Bel)

    1928

    • Umpetha: UNicolas Frantz (Lux)
    • Okwesithathu: Ukugijima endaweni yesibili: André Leducq (Fra)
    • UMaurice Dewaele (Bel)

    1927

    • Umpetha: UNicolas Frantz (Lux)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UMaurice Dewaele (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: uJulien Vervaecke (Bel)

    1926

    • Umpetha: uLucien Buysse (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UNicolas Frantz (Lux)
    • Okwesithathu: IBartolomeo Aymo (Ita)

    1925

    • Umpetha: Ottavio Bottecchia (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: uLucien Buysse (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: IBartolomeo Aymo (Ita)

    1924

    • Umpetha: Ottavio Bottecchia (Ita)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UNicolas Frantz (Lux)
    • Okwesithathu: uLucien Buysse (Bel)

    1923

    • Umpetha: UHenri Pélissier (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Ottavio Bottecchia (Ita)
    • Okwesithathu: Romain Bellenger (Fra) 

    1922

    • Umpetha: UFirmin Lambot (Bel)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: UJean Alavoine (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: Felix Sellier (Bel)

    1921

    • Umpetha: León Scieur (Bel)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: Ukugijima endaweni yesibili: Hector Heusghem (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: Honore Barthélemy (Fra) 

    1920

    • Umpetha: UPhilippe Thijs (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: Hector Heusghem (Bel)
    • Okwesithathu: UFirmin Lambot (Bel)

    1919

    • Umpetha: UFirmin Lambot (Bel)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: UJean Alavoine (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: U-Eugene Christophe (Fra) 

    1914

    • Umpetha: UPhilippe Thijs (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UHenri Pélissier (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UJean Alavoine (Fra)

    1913

    • Umpetha: UPhilippe Thijs (Bel)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: Gustave Garrigou (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UMarcel Buysse (Bel) 

    1912

    • Umpetha: Odile Defraye (Bel)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: u-Eugene Christophe (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UGustave Garrigou (Fra)

    1911

    • Umpetha: Gustave Garrigou (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UPaul Duboc (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: U-Emile Georget (Fra)

    1910

    • Umpetha: I-Octave Lapize (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UFrançois Faber (Lux)
    • Okwesithathu: UGustave Garrigou (Fra)

    1909

    • Umpetha: UFrançois Faber (Lux)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: Gustave Garrigou (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UJean Alavoine (Fra)

    1908

    • Umpetha: uLucien Petit-Breton (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UFrançois Faber (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UGeorges Passerieu (Fra)

    1907

    • Umpetha: uLucien Petit-Breton (Fra)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: Gustave Garrigou (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: U-Emile Georget (Fra)

    1906

    • Umpetha: URené Pottier (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UGeorges Passerieu (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: ULouis Trosselier (Fra)

    1905

    • Umpetha: uLouis Trosselier (Fra)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: Hippolyte Auconturier (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UJean-B Dortignacq (Fra)

    1904

    • Umpetha: UHenri Cornet (Fra)
    • Osendaweni yesibili: UJean-B Dortignacq (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UPhilippe Jousselin (Fra) 

    1903

    • Umpetha: UMaurice Garin (Fra)
    • Okungene endaweni yesibili: uLucien Pothier (Fra)
    • Okwesithathu: UFernand Augereau (Fra)

    maurice garin ukuvakasha eFrance

    Ngaphandle kokungabaza, ukuwina lo mncintiswano ohlonishwayo wamabhayisikili kube yisifiso sabo bonke abagibeli bamabhayisikili, abangochwepheshe nabangafanele. Sitshele, yiziphi ezinye izifiso ozaziyo ngeTour de France?


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